2015年职称英语理工B新增文章Real World Robots - 人事考试资讯网
各地人事考试入口 北京 天津 河北 山西 湖北 江苏 安徽 山东 上海 浙江 江西 福建 湖南 宁夏 内蒙古 河南 四川 重庆 贵州 云南 辽宁 吉林 广东 广西 海南 陕西 甘肃 新疆 青海 西藏 黑龙江 更多>>
当前位置:首页 > 辅导资料 > 2015年职称英语理工B新增文章Real World Robots

2015年职称英语理工B新增文章Real World Robots

来源: 国家人事考试网   发布:2015-03-03
导读:2015年职称英语理工B新增文章,阅读理解的题型。

理工B 阅读理解 第二十二篇

Real World Robots

  When you think of a robot, do you envision a shiny, metallic device having the same general shape as a human being, performing humanlike functions, and responding to your questions in a monotone voice accentuated by high-pitched tones and beeps? This is the way many of us imagine a robot, but in the real world, a robot is not humanoid at all. Instead a robot often is a voiceless, box-shaped machine that efficiently carries out repetitive or dangerous functions usually performed by humans. Today’s robot is more than an automatic machine that performs one task again and again. A modern robot is programmed with varying degrees of artificial intelligence—that is, a robot contains a computer program that tells it how to perform tasks associated with human intelligence, such as reasoning, drawing conclusions, and learning from past experience.

  A robot does not possess a human shape for the simple reason that a two-legged robot has great difficulty remaining balanced. A robot does, however, move from place to place on wheels and axles that roll and rotate. A robot even has limbs that swivel and move in combination with joints and motors. To find its way in its surroundings1, a robot utilizes various built-in sensors. Antennae attached to the robot’s base detect anything they bump into. If the robot starts to teeter as it moves on an incline, a gyroscope or a pendulum inside it senses the vertical differential. To determine its distance from an object and how quickly it will reach the object,the robot bounces beams of laser light and ultrasonic sound waves off obstructions in its path2. These and other sensors constantly feed information to the computer, which then analyzes the information and corrects or adjusts the robot’s actions. As science and technology advance, the robot too will progress in its functions and use of artificial-intelligence programs.

  词汇:

  envision v. 想象,预想

  device n. 装置

  accentuate v. 强调,重读

  artificial intelligence n. 人工智能

  limb n. 臂

  antennae n. 天线

  incline v. 倾斜

  pendulum n. 钟摆

  ultrasonic adj. 超声的

  metallic adj. 金属的

  monotone n. 单调的

  humanoid adj. 像人的

  axle n. 轮轴

  rotate v. 旋转

  swivel n. 旋转

  teeter v. 摇晃

  gyroscope n. 陀螺仪,回转仪

  vertical n. 直立的

  注释:

  1.To find its way in its surroundings...:为了在周围找到路……

  2.the robot bounces beams of laser light and ultrasonic sound waves off obstructions in its path:机器人发射激光束和超声波,反射到障碍物上(以此来探知路径)。

  练习:

  1.Another good title for this passage would be

  A Robots: Taking the Place of Humans.

  B Artificial Intelligence Programs.

  C Today’s Robots and How They Function.

  D Modern-Day Sensors.

  2.Artificial intelligence is

  A the unnatural way in which robots move.

  B a voiceless, box-shaped machine that performs repetitive tasks.

  C sensors such as antennae and a gyroscope.

  D a computer program that imitates human intellectual processes.

  3.The last paragraph suggests that future robots will be

  A more humanlike in behavior and actions.

  B more like automatic machines.

  C better able to move on inclines.

  D better equipped with laser light sensors.

  4.The writer begins the passage by comparing

  A the shape of a human being with a box.

  B a modem robot with a fictional robot.

  C an imaginary machine with a human.

  D a computer program with artificial intelligence.

  5.The word humanoid means

  A lacking human characteristics.

  B anything having the appearance of a humanoid.

  C being void or vacant.

  D having a human form or characteristics.

  答案与题解:

  1.C 从文中得知,文章主要介绍了机器人和它们的运行方式,因此选择C选项。

  2.D Artificial是“人工”的意思,intelligence是“智能”的意思。另外从文中得知,机器人使用artificial intelligence能够进行与人类类似的推理分析等活动,因此可知它是一种类似人类智能的计算机程序。

  3.A 最后一段讲机器人的发展方向是更加智能,能够自己判断并修正行为,而不仅仅是完成重复性的工作。

  4.B 文章开头的时候作者让读者描述他们脑海中的机器人概念,并随后介绍了实际的机器人是怎样的,因此选择B选项。

  5.D 从humanoid的词根human可看出这个词是形容与人类有关的特征。另外根据文章对这个词的描述可以得出这个词是表示和人类类似的特征,不管是外形上,还是行为方式上。



  职称英语签约保过

介绍三个版本的功能区别(3个版本均赠送手机版)

VIP特训保通版980

适合考生基础薄弱,需要老师的亲自指点,同时没有精力自主复习,需要名师全程督导学习的考生

课时培训教学中心、移动课堂(手机版)、考试词汇、模拟考场、考前特训营、考试专用词典、服务承诺

特色服务★★★★保障学习效率;名师全程监督效果;名师全面深入传授独家解题技巧

保达标,未通过:退款服务(独家保障)

了解详情

密卷协议保通版680

适合考生考生零基础,需要老师的亲自指点,可以严格按照学习计划进行学习的考生

课时培训教学中心、移动课堂(手机版)、考试词汇、模拟考场、考前特训营、服务承诺

特色服务★★★★保障学习效率:名师全程督导学习,保学习效果

保达标,未通过:重学服务(通关保障)

了解详情

强化通关版298

适合考生有一定基础但欠缺答题技巧,需要通过考前练题冲刺备考的考生


课时培训教学中心、考试词汇、模拟考场、考前特训营

特色服务★★★★名师传授高分答题技巧,快速掌握,高效通关



了解详情
本文链接:http://www.renshikaoshi.net/english/159-200524-1.html
相关热词搜索职称英语理工文章

人事考试资讯网www.renshikaoshi.net

Copyright©2012-2018 RENSHIKAOSHI, All Rights Reserved. 备案编号: 皖ICP备13019968号-1